Farmington is a city in St. Francois County located 72 miles (116 km) southwest of St. Louis in the Lead Belt region in Missouri in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,240. It is the county seat of St. Francois County. Farmington was established in 1822 as Murphy's Settlement, named for William Murphy of Kentucky who first visited the site in 1798. When St. Francois County was organized, the town was briefly called St. Francois Court House and later renamed to Farmington.
Farmington is located at 37°46′55″N 90°25′20″W (37.781932, −90.422145). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.39 square miles (24.32 km²), of which, 9.35 square miles (24.22 km²) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km²) is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 16,240 people, 5,620 households, and 3,313 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,736.9 inhabitants per square mile (670.6/km²). There were 6,172 housing units at an average density of 660.1 per square mile (254.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.26% White, 7.14% Black or African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.80% Asian, 0.04% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 0.30% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.52% of the population.
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